CONTEMPORARY SIGNIFICANCE OF HUNTING AND GAME ANIMALS USE IN TRADITIONAL FOLK MEDICINE IN NORTH-WEST MONGOLIA AND ADJACENT TUVA

Alexander Saveljev, Vyacheslav Soloviev, Alexey Scopin, Setev Shar, Mogoltsog Otgonbaatar

Abstract


Hunting is a traditional employment for the indigenous people of NW Mongolia and Tuva (Tyva Republic, Russia). Since May 17, 2012, hunting has been regulated by The Mongolian Law on Animals. A short review of modern hunting and the medical value of some game animals are given in this paper. Wolf is the most undesirable element of the pastoral ecosystems of the region and the most popular object of hunting. Decreasing the damage to cattle breeding is the main stimulus for wolf hunting. Yearly each family (brigade) of cattle-breeders loses 20-30 sheep and goats to wolves. The carcasses of wolves (together with the skin), which as a rule are sent to Ulan-Bator, are especially highly valued on the market. The price for a skin reaches US$ 60. Export is mainly directed to to China and Tyva. Hunting products are widely used in traditional folk medicine. Wolf meat is applied for treatment of respiratory organs. Some hunters even suck fresh wolf’s blood right after hunting. Siberian marmot is the traditional and favorite object of hunting in Mongolia. Its population has been sharply reduced recently. Therefore, since 2012, the total protection of marmot has been legislated. However the given interdiction is not strictly followed, because the meat of a marmot is a delicacy on the festive table of any Mongolian family. Badger is bagged mostly for medical purposes: for treatment of throat cancer, for diseases of respiratory organs, stomach and liver. The basic way of hunting badgers is digging out their burrows. Market price for a live badger can reach US$ 80. It is more than the price of one sheep. American mink appeared in NW Mongolia as a result of natural migration from Tyva in the late eighties. Its population is growing. The primary factor for the success of its invasion is predation on muskrat. In folk medicine meat of Altaian snowcock, Daurian partridges, black grouses, mountain hare, and muskrat  is also appreciated

Keywords


animals, hunting, fur, traditional medicine, Mongolia, Tuva

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15679/bjwr.v1i1.7

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ISSN: 2335-0113

Publisher: Visio Mundi Academic Media Group

Creative Commons License
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.